It is an annual perennial herb growing to 1.5m by 0.7m. It has a horizontal root- stock, and tuberous rootfibres, leaves are 30 cms or more in length. Inflorescence is spiked. Flowers ascending and dense yellow coloured. It bears flowers in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Capsule is globose.
The plant is known to contain essential oil, starch, resins, organic acids, glycosides, albumen, saccharides and chemicals like sitosteroland, furanoid, diterpene-hedychenone and 7- hydroxyhedychenone. These chemicals are stimulates the carminative, emmenagogue, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, aromatic, astringent, stimulant, stomachic and tonic properties in the plant which are very useful in treatment of several ailments and makes it medicinally very important.
Hedychium possess a number of medicinal properties that enables the plant for the treatment of various ailments. Some of the important medicinal values of the plant can be listed as:
Description of Hedychium oil:
It is an annual herb with horizontal root-stock and tubesous root fibres, leaves are 30 cms or at times more than that in length. Flowers ascending and densed and of yellow in color. Inflorescene is spiked. Capsule is globose. The rhizomes are aromatic with bitter camphorous taste.
Some of the properties include bactericide, fungicide, stomachic, tonic and expectorant. It is also used as febrifuge, excitant and anti-rheumatic in the Ayurvedic system. It has been prescribed and used in treatment of headache, lancinating pain, contusion, inflammatory and intense pain due to rheumatism etc. It is used in nausea, liver disorder, bronchial asthma, halitosis and vomiting. Also useful in diminished appetite, hiccups, local inflammation etc